Green Pea

Green Pea

  • Pisum sativum
  • 07102100
  • Round seeds with bright green in color
  • Garden Pea
Grade Origin Download
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Canada
TDS MSDS
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Singapore
TDS MSDS
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USA
TDS MSDS

Application

Green pea or garden pea (Pisum sativum) is one of the varieties of pea, the oldest vegetable crops to be cultivated. Thus, green pea belongs to the Fabaceae family or beans/pulses family. The native of green pea is in Central Asia and The Middle East. Nowadays, green pea is grown throughout the world and in nearly every climatic zone.

As for the appearance green pea have rounded pods, slightly curved in shape with a smooth texture and vibrant green color. Inside those pods are green rounded pea seeds that have a sweet and starchy taste. Green peas could be consumed raw or cooked. The immature peas could be used in form of vegetables, freshly eaten, dry peas, frozen, or canned. Green peas is a great healthy food that is filled with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients that are important for the human body. 

 

Manufacture

Green peas are distributed in forms of dry peas. The process to manufacture dry green peas are:

Harvesting

The ideal time for harvesting green peas usually calculated using a tenderometer, by measuring the force required to perforate a sample of peas. When the value of the tenderometer is in the range of 100 to 130, then green peas are ready to be harvested. As for the appearance, the mature and ready to harvest green peas have round peas with light green in colour. Green peas are usually harvested mechanically, and continue to be processed as quickly as possible to prevent the peas from warming up.

Cleaning and Sorting

The purpose for this process is to remove any unwanted material. Because peas are quite vulnerable, then a gentle cleaning process is needed. Firstly, coarse dirt in the peas are removed with shake and drum sieve and a blower. Then, peas are fed into the machine through a funnel. In the first part of flotation washer the remaining coarse and heavy dirt particles in green peas are removed. The stream that is formed at the bottom of the washer is strong that only the heavier parts sink. In the second part of the washer light material such as bark, leaves, and pea peels are sorted and will float to the surface of the water. Lastly, using a strong flow of water the soggy and sunken peas are pressed to a vibrating sieve screen. In this last step, any remaining pea peels are loosened and the remaining sand is washed away.

From the cleaning machine, peas are transported to the sorting machine using a conveyor belt or water. Peas then sorted to ensure its uniformity in cleaning, sizing, and prepared to be packed.

Storaging

Because green peas are usually harvested in large amounts, to maintain its quality the beans needed to be stored. Peas are stored in cooling storage, generally refrigeration or field-pack stored in cool places or room cooling. Refrigeration is needed to maintain peas quality and substantially lengthens shelf life by reducing the effects of dehydration and lessen damage that caused by decay-producing organisms.

Packaging

Dry edible beans are packaged in food grade impervious materials to make sure that the integrity of the package allows for minimum subsequent contamination of the product.

 

 

Green peas are commonly used as food ingredients, here are the uses of green peas in various dishes around the world:

India: peas used in aloo matar (curried potatoes with peas), matar paneer (paneer cheese with peas), and dhal (soups using beans or peas).

Southeast Asian, Japan, China, Taiwan: peas are roasted and salted, and then eaten as snacks or in Philippines noodle called pansit.

United Kingdom: green split peas used to make pease pudding or mushy peas, or dried green peas are rehydrated and mashed to make marrowfat peas. Green peas are also used as a side dish to accompany fish and chips or meat pies dishes.

The most common dishes from green peas are soups. Pea soup is eaten in many parts of the world, including Northern Europe, some parts of Middle Europe, Russia, Iran, Iraq, and India.

 

Grade

Percent Maximum Limits of

Grades

U.S Choice Handpicked

U.S Prime Handpicked

U.S No. 1

U.S No. 2

Moisture1

18.0

18.0

18.0

18.0

Total Defects

(Total damaged, Total foreign material, Contrasting classes, & Splits)

1.5

3.0

2.0

3.0

Badly Damaged

0.3

0.3

2.0

3.0

Foreign Material

       

Total

(including stones)

0.01

0.01

0.4

0.8

Stones

0.01

0.01

0.2

0.4

Contrasting Classes2

0.01

0.01

0.5

1.0

Classes that Blend3

2.0

2.0

4.0

4.0

U.S. Substandard shall be beans which do not meet the requirements for the grades U.S. Choice Handpicked through U.S. Sample grade. Beans which are not well screened shall also be U.S. Substandard, except for beans which meet the requirements for U.S. Sample grade.

 

U.S. Sample Grade shall be beans which are musty, sour, heating, materially weathered, or weevily; which have any commercially objectionable odor; which contain insect webbing or filth, animal filth, any unknown foreign substance, broken glass, or metal fragments; or which are otherwise of distinctly low quality. 

 

1Beans with more than 18.0 percent moisture are graded High moisture.

2Beans with more than 2.0 percent contrasting classes are graded Mixed beans.

3Beans with more than 15.0 percent classes that blend are graded Mixed beans.

Source:

United Stated Department of Agriculture: United States Standards for Beans (2017).

 

Categorization

Green pea is categorized as pulses because it is distributed in dry peas forms.

 

 

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