White Peas Beans

White Peas Beans

  • Cajanus cajan
  • 07136000
  • Round seeds with various colours (white, cream, brown, yellow, purple, black, or mottled with any combinations of these)
  • Red Gram, Congo Pea
Grade Origin Download
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Ecuador
TDS MSDS
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Peru
TDS MSDS

Application

White pea beans are known as navy beans. Even though this beans have a “pea” in its name, this bean is one of the Common Beans varieties. Making this beans is classified as Phaseolus vulgaris. White pea beans are small, oval-shaped, and commonly used in cooking ingredients. 

Navy beans get their name because of the frequency with which they were served to sailors at sea. Navy beans are small in size and compatible in flavor and texture. Often used by commercial baked bean manufacturers, the navy bean is flexible and used in soups, salads, casseroles, or ethnic dishes.

 

Manufacturing Process

Because white pea beans are distributed in form of dry beans, then the basic dry beans manufacturing process are:

Convey and Transfers

Following harvest, beans are delivered to the elevator where samples are taken from each load to check for quality, color, foreign material, and moisture content. Beans are delivered with caution because this stage has a higher risk of damage for the beans.

Receiving

Upon delivery to the local elevator, the bean truck loads are weighed and then immediately dumped into a handling pit in the floor of the receiving area. Beans are dropped carefully to minimize the shattering of the dry seed coats. The handling pit provides for aggregation of the beans for conveyance to subsequent cleaning operations.

Bean Cleaning, Sorting, and Grading

The first cleaning operation for beans are the direct application of high-velocity air to pass through the beans and lift lighter-than-bean material such as stems, leaves, pods, checked seed coats, and other forms of trash and plant material. Next, the unit operation involves in removing the materials that heavier than the beans, including stones, and “mud balls” by using “gravity table”.

For the sorting, bean size separation is achieved by screening over a series of sieves that provides increased uniformity of size and shape that desired. The first thing to do is to separate the beans into two categories, “overs” and “throughs”. The “overs” are materials that do not pass through the screen, while the “throughs” are materials that do pass directly through the sieve. From the proper size configuration in a series of screens, the vast majority of both oversized and undersized material will be eliminated directly.

Final cleaning stage includes the color sorting. The sorting is done by an equipment that possesses a series of photoelectric cells referred as “electric eyes”. Each bean will be channeled past the photoelectric cell in subdivided individual lane position, from this process the discolored beans will be rejected by a blast of air. The contrasting classes and other grains will also be removed in this stage based on color.

Storage systems

The beans are conveyed in trucks from the field to the storage receipt elevator. While received, beans immediately processed with air aspiration to remove material that is lighter than the beans, like leaves, pods, and stems. Beans are commonly stored in a variety of structures constructed as wood cribs, concrete silos, or steel bins. in the storage, beans are continually monitored for storage stability including providing continuous aeration and moisture content control. This action is necessary to ensure that the beans are not molding, producing heat, and off from developing unwanted odors or even bad flavors.

Packaging

Dry edible beans are packaged in food grade impervious materials to make sure that the integrity of the package allows for minimum subsequent contamination of the product. Nowadays the method for handling dry beans is using the alternate materials such as laminated paper and polypropylene sacks.

 

 

This beans is known as an ingredient for many dishes, such as baked beans, various soups, and pies.

 

Grades

Percent Maximum Limits of

Grade

U.S. Choice Handpicked

U.S. Prime Handpicked

U.S. No. 1

U.S. No. 2

Moisture

18.0

18.0

18.0

18.0

Total Defects

(Total damaged, Total foreign material, Contrasting classes, &Splits)

1.5

3.0

2.0

3.0

Badly Damaged

0.3

0.3

2.0

3.0

Foreign Material

       

Total

(including stones)

0.01

0.01

0.4

0.8

Stones

0.01

0.01

0.2

0.4

Contrasting Classes

0.01

0.01

0.5

1.0

Classes that Blend

2.0

2.0

4.0

0.4

Source: United States Department of Agriculture: United States Standards for Beans (2017).

 

Categorization

White pea beans are the variety of Common Beans, which means that this beans are classified in Legumes family and categorized as beans.

 

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